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Knot Me

Books for Knots

Tying Knots

The following diagram shows the basic fly fishing line connections and knots:

A knot is only as good as your tting skill. The challenges fishing knots, of keeping line connected to a hook and joining two lines, are as old as fishing itself. Any fishing knot will create weakness in a line, but a correctly tied fishing knot will maintain more of the line's inate strength. Wetting a line before pulling a knot tight is done to reduce friction which can weaken the line and cause line breakage. Most fisherment either use water from the stream or spit.

Orvis animations (see their web site: Great Pictorials and Animation Orvis Knots )

Other Knots

Palomar Knot

The Palomar Knot is a general-purpose connection used in joining fishing line to swivels, snaps, hooks and artificial lures. The double wrap of through the eyelet provides a protective cushion for added knot strength. One of the strongest fishing knots, be sure to wet the line before cinching it tight.

  • Double the line and form a loop three to four inches long. Pass the end of the loop through hook's eye.
  • Hold standing line between thumb and finger, grasp loop with free hand and form a simple overhand knot.
  • Pass hook through loop and draw line while guiding loop over top of eyelet.
  • Pull tag end of line to tighten the knot snugly and trim the tag end to about 1/4 inch.


Wedge Knot

The Wedge Knot is a general-purpose, easy to tie connection used in joining fishing line to a leader with a loop.

  • Tie a knot in the end of fishing line.
  • Pass the fishing line and knot through the leader loop and back around to form a simple knot.
  • Pull both ends to cinch up tight.

Nail Knot Details

Uses: The Nail Knot was originally named because a nail was inserted as a guide when threading the line. Today, it is easier to use a small brass tube or a section of the WD-40 red spray nozzle which is sufficiently ridgid.

Advantages: The Nail Knot makes a smooth compact colinear knot that will readily pass through the guides. I always coat the end of the fly line knot with rubber flex cement to seal it from water and to further taper the transistion. Passing through the tip guide as smooth as possible is the goal.

Terry Corneau

Testing Breaking Strength

Rules Of Knot Tying

There are basic rules that apply to the tying of all knots. Your knot will normally be the weakest link between you and the fish. Knowing and adhering to these rules will reduce the number of fish you lose.

Rule 1: Be thoroughly familiar with all the knots you tie and continually practice tying them.

Rule 2: Always lubricate knots before tightening them, either with saliva or water. (No oils, WD40).  Knots are highly
susceptible to heat friction. Do not draw a knot quickly as this can generate heat damaging the line.

Rule 3: Give a few test pulls on the newly tied knot.

Rule 4: As a general Rule of thumb, smaller line requires more turns or wraps. Larger lines require less wraps.

Rule 5: Braided line normally requires you to double your braided line when tying the knots.

Rule 6: Keep the knot open as you take up slack slowly.

Rule 7: Avoid overlapping or kinked line.

Rule 8: If it does not look right, retie it. Takes a little more time, but you have spent a lot of time getting that fish on the hook. Better to take the time to retie it.